Cerebral hemorrhaging, also known as brain bleeding, is a type of stroke. A cerebral hemorrhage occurs when an artery in the brain bursts causing bleeding in the surrounding brain tissue. This type of bleeding kills brain cells. Cerebral hemorrhaging accounts for 13 percent of strokes.
Causes of Cerebral Hemorrhaging
There are several risk factors associated with cerebral hemorrhaging, including:
- Head trauma – an injury to the head. Head trauma is the most common cause of cerebral hemorrhaging in people under the age of 50.
- High blood pressure – a chronic condition that weakens blood vessel walls over a long period of time. High blood pressure is a highly preventable cause of cerebral hemorrhaging.
- Aneurysm – swelling caused by weakening in a blood vessel wall. Aneurysms can burst and cause cerebral hemorrhaging, leading to stroke.
- Blood vessel abnormalities – weaknesses in the blood vessels surround the brain. May be present at birth.
- Amyloid angioplasty – abnormalities of the blood vessel walls that occur with aging and high blood pressure.
- Bleeding disorders – Hemophilia and sickle cell anemia cause decreased levels of blood platelets.
- Liver disease – Liver disease is associated with increased risk of bleeding in general.
- Brain tumors
Symptoms of Cerebral Hemorrhaging
If you experience any of the following symptoms, you may have a cerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhaging is a life threatening condition, and 911 should be called immediately.
- Sudden severe headache
- Seizures, with no prior history of seizures
- Weakness in the arms and/or legs
- Decreased alertness
- Changes in vision
- Tingling or numbness
- Difficulty speaking or understanding communication
- Difficulty swallowing
- Loss of motor skills, such as hand trembling
- Loss of coordination and balance
- Abnormal sense of taste
- Loss of consciousness
It should be noted that many of these symptoms could be associated with other conditions; however, seek immediate medical assistance to rule out cerebral hemorrhaging.
Treatment for Cerebral Hemorrhaging
When you see your doctor with complaints of possible cerebral hemorrhaging, he or she will run a variety of tests to determine which part of the brain is affected. Imaging tests, such as CT scans and MRI’s, can reveal internal bleeding. An eye exam may be performed to check the optic nerve for swelling.
Treatment for cerebral hemorrhaging depends on the location, cause, and extent of the bleeding. Medications like painkillers, corticosteroids, and diuretics are prescribed to reduce swelling, while anticonvulsants are prescribed to prevent seizures. Surgery may be needed to control bleeding and swelling.
Some patients recover fully from cerebral hemorrhages while others experience severe complications such as stroke, loss of brain function, and death. Recovery depends on the size of the hemorrhage and the amount of swelling.
Prevention of Cerebral Hemorrhaging
Since cerebral hemorrhages are associated with certain risk factors, you can minimize your risk by:
- Treating high blood pressure;
- Quitting smoking;
- Stopping the use of drugs, i.e. cocaine increases the risk of brain bleeding;
- Wearing a seatbelt;
- Wearing a helmet while biking or riding a motorcycle;
- Being aware of the risks associated with blood thinners, such as Xarelto.
Xarelto and Cerebral Hemorrhaging
Xarelto, generically called rivaroxaban, belongs to the anti-coagulant class of pharmaceuticals. This drug is used as a blood thinner and is meant to prevent occurrences of pulmonary embolism. Xarelto was released by Bayer and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2011. By 2013, Bayer had made $1.3 billion in sales of the drug and they’re expected to make billions more in the next several years.
Xarelto has become increasingly popular because it does not require patients to be on special diets or have blood tests to determine dosage like warfarin, the traditional blood thinner that’s been on the market for years. Bayer has marketed Xarelto as safe and more convenient that warfarin, but the drug causes serious side effects including cerebral hemorrhaging.
The risk of bleeding is present with all blood thinners; however, Xarelto is more dangerous because it does not have an antidote. People taking warfarin can be treated with vitamin K to stop bleeding, but the same is not true of Xarelto. Since there is no way to immediately stop bleeding in Xarelto patients, doctors are becoming hesitant to prescribe it.
Because Xarelto can cause uncontrollable bleeding, the FDA has labeled the drug with its most severe warning for dangerous bleeding.
Lawsuits for Xarelto
On June 23, 2014, Nancy Packard filed a lawsuit against Bayer in a Florida federal court. Mrs. Packard filed the lawsuit on behalf of her late husband, William, who died from cerebral hemorrhaging six months after starting Xarelto for atrial fibrillation. Mr. Packard died because his brain bleed could not be stopped, as Xarelto has no antidote.
The lawsuit claims Bayer marketed Xarelto as a “one size fits all” blood thinner, which attracted doctors to its ease of use. Doctors and patients alike were not informed that an antidote did not exist, only that there was a risk for bleeding.
More than 300 Xarelto lawsuits have been consolidated in Louisiana while another 180 have been filed in Pennsylvania. You have a right to file a lawsuit if you have been injured while taking Xarelto.
Pharmaceutical companies that rush to get their latest and greatest drugs onto the market without proper research and testing should be held accountable for the lives they destroy.
If you or a loved one has suffered from uncontrolled bleeding, organ damage, or brain hemorrhages while taking Xarelto, you may be entitled to reimbursement for your harms and losses. These multinational corporations are not allowed to knowingly place unsuspecting consumers in harms way in the name of profits.
A top 100 Trial Lawyer is standing by to discuss your Xarelto claim. Call us today for FREE to discuss your case. There is NO FEE for our services unless we win. We are here to help by calling 855-55-BAD-DRUG.